The Father and the Holy Spirit are One
Written by arkwriter   
Friday, 12 June 2009 20:08


The Father and the Holy Spirit are One 




The Lord Jesus Christ stated very clearly about the essence of the Deity, "God is Spirit." (Jn 4:24)  Bearing this in mind and at the same time remembering that there is only "One Spirit" (Eph 4:4), we shall come to the important truth that the Father and the Holy Spirit are one and the same Divine Person. 


A. 1)  The one and only Spirit is called "the Spirit of God" in the Old Testament (Gen. 1:1; Ex. 31:3, 35:31; Num. 24:2; 1 Sam. 11:6; Job 27:3, 33:4; Ezk. 11:4), and also in the New Testament (Mt. 3:16,12:28; Rom. 8:9,14, 15:19; 1 Cor. 2:41-,14, 3:16, 6:11, 7:40, 12:3; 2 Cor. 3:3). 


2)   The one Spirit is called the "Holy Spirit" in the Old Testament (Psm. 51:11; Isa. 63:10-11); and of course He is known as the "Holy Spirit" ("Holy Ghost" in the King James Version) in the New Testament. (Mt. 1:18,19; Lk. 1:1 5; Jn. 14:26; 20:22; Acts 1:8; Rom. 5:5; 1 Cor. 2:16; Heb. 2:4; 1 Pet. 1:12) 


3)   The Spirit is called "the Holy Spirit of God" (Eph. 4:30) and also "the Spirit of your Father" (Mt. 10:20).  The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father. (Jn 15:26) Since there is only one Holy Spirit of God, who is the Father of us all; there can be no question about the Father and the Holy Spirit being the one and the same Divine Person. (Eph. 4:4-6; Jn 4:23-24) 


B. During the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ, this one and only Holy Spirit of God entered the womb of the virgin Mary to conceive the Child Jesus (Mt. 1:20-25; Lk. 1:30-35).  The Lord Jesus has no human father.  His only Father is God who is the Holy Spirit.  If the Father and the Holy Spirit were two separate and distinct Persons as taught by some theologians, then Jesus would have two Fathers, which cannot be true (Eph. 4:6).  The truth is, the Father and the Holy Spirit are one and the same Divine Person who is in the Lord Jesus Christ.  This would harmonize with His statement: "Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father in Me." (Jn. 14:10-11) 


C. The Lord Jesus Christ taught very clearly that the Holy Spirit is given by the Father. (Lk. 11:13; Jn 14:16,26)  He had asked His disciples to wait for the "Promise of My Father" which is the gift of the Holy Spirit. (Lk. 24:49; Acts 1:4-8)  During the Old Testament time God had promised to pour out His Spirit on His people. (Prov. 1:23; Isa. 44:3; Ezk. 36:26; Joel 2:28-29)  After the Lord Jesus Christ's death, resurrection, ascension and glorification, the Holy Spirit was indeed poured out on the Disciples who had waited on Him (Jn 7:38-39, 14:28, 16:7; Acts 2:33).  Surely those Disciples had received only one Spirit from the Father, who is also the Holy Spirit Himself. (Acts 2:4,16-18,33,38; Eph. 4:30) 


The Lord Jesus Christ explained, "At that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you." (Jn 14:20)  This statement also harmonizes with the prayer of our Lord's, "That they all may be one; as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, . . . that they may be one, just as We are one; . . . I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one." (Jn. 17:21-23) 


The only way in which this Oneness can be understood is to accept the truth that there is one Holy Spirit of God who is the same Divine Person as the Father as well as the Lord Jesus Christ.  It does not take a theologian to understand that no Spirit-filled Christian can have more than one indwelling Spirit, for there is only one Spirit.  If the Lord Jesus prayed that the Father, the Holy Spirit and Himself can dwell in the believers, Surely He meant the one and only Spirit of God.  This truth definitely proves that the Father and the Holy Spirit are one and the same Divine Person who will indwell every true believer. 


Why then does the Bible make a distinction between the Father and the Holy Spirit when both are one and the same Divine Person?  The answer is actually very simple.  When the Bible mentions the Father, it is in reference to the fatherhood of God (Eph. 4:6) who is the Creator (Isa. 64:8) and the Christians' relationship with Him as His children (Rom. 8:15; Mt. 7:11).  The Holy Spirit, who comes from the Father and is called "the Comforter" or "Counsellor", indwells the believer (Jn 14:16-17,15:26). 

Last Updated on Friday, 12 June 2009 20:19